This guide is aimed at people who are not legally trained and who want to bring or defend a small claim without the help of a legal adviser such as a solicitor. This is sometimes referred to as being a ‘litigant in person’. 

Anyone who brings a claim is called a ‘claimant’. Anyone who defends a claim is called a ‘defendant’. Some other useful terms are defined in the ‘Jargon buster’ section of this guide. This guide works through the process for bringing and defending a small claim.